LL.M. programs for international students: What to consider in your selection
Whether you're an international student who wants to practice in the United States or a practicing foreign lawyer looking
to study American law, an American LL.M. program might be a good vehicle for you.
Q : How do you get started?
A: Determine your motivation and reasons behind getting your LL.M. Whatever your preferred field, look for a program
with a specific theoretical or pedagogical orientation rather than a general LL.M. program with no focus.
Look for diverse programs. This will give more opportunities for networking and studying with experienced professionals.
Alumni are an important factor as well. See who else attended that program and what they are doing now.
Make sure you leave the program with a thorough understanding of basic American common law — you will use that whether you
intend to practice in the United States or take your knowledge back home with you.
Many LLM programs will allow a lawyer to specialize in a particular area. Search for the school that has a program to
fit your interest.
The ability to specialize in a particular area is a benefit, but the real payoff of an LL.M. should be to enhance the totality of a career, through contacts, professional develpment, and the program you select. An LLM is not for everyone.
For the right person, however, it's a chance to enhance areas of your legal practice.
Gaining some experience first may be to your benefit, allowing you time to discover what you really want to do. If
you have the available time; it can serve as a good career enhancement.
LLM programs can also be joint programs with other degrees.
What does LLM stand for?
LL.M. is an abbreviation of the Latin Legum Magister, which means Master of Laws. The plural form of a word in Latin is
abbreviated by repeating the letter "L", therefore "LL." is short for "laws." Legum is the possessive plural form of the
]Latin word lex, which means "specific laws", as opposed to the more general concept embodied in the word jus, from which
the word juris and the modern English word "justice" are derived. As such, the designation of an LL.M. degree is usually
accompanied by the particular field of law in whch the degree was obtained, e.g. LL.M. in Taxation.
The LL.M. (Master of Laws) degree is a postgraduate law, usually obtained by completing a one-year full-time program. The
LL.M. is a higher academic degree than the J.D. degree. Students and professionals frequently pursue the LL.M. to gain
expertise in a specialized field of law, for example in the area of tax law or international law. It indicates that a lawyer
has acquired advanced, specialized legal training, and is qualified to work in a multinational legal environment. Lawyers are
not required to hold an LL.M. degree, and many do not choose to obtain one. An LL.M. degree by itself generally does not
qualify graduates to practice law; in most cases, LL.M. students must first obtain a professional degree in law, e.g the
Juris Doctor (J.D.) in the United States, and pass a bar exam before they can practice law.
What does J. D. stand for?
J.D. stands for Juris Doctorate. It is the the law degree earned by students who have satisfactorily completed a course
of education from an institution, usually accredited by the American Bar Association. The general curriculum of the J.D. is
designed to give students the basic skills and knowledge to become lawyers. In the United States, lawyers are rarely addressed
by the term "Doctor". Rather, practicing attorneys indicate their status by placing the abbreviation "Esq." after their name.